Health care to be taken in Pregnancy
A Pregnant woman is the most beautiful thing on earth. When a woman is pregnant the prime duty of her faeep her really happy. Having a baby can be a wonderful at the same time very difficult experience. Many women have various queries and concerns as they face all the changes due to pregnancy. But with advice coming from countless people, it is really tough to know who to listen to, thus having the accurate information is essential.
It will help you to make good decisions about how to take care of yourself before, after and during the pregnancy. Planning pregnancy period and being pregnant are definitely the most exciting times in your life. This guide can help make it a healthier and safe experience for both you and your baby.
Simple steps to be taken for care in pregnancy
Early prenatal care is vital
Good prenatal care is essential for mother and baby. Call healthcare provider right away and schedule first prenatal visit, during that visit mother will be screened for certain conditions that could lead to complications.
If you haven’t yet chosen a provider, ten hurry up and get started now. Finding the right person whether looking for a doctor or a midwife can take a while. At the same time, let your current caregiver know if you’re taking medication or have any medical concerns.
Watch what you eat
In pregnancy you’re eating for 2, it may be surprising to learn that you only need about 300 additional calories per day. Protein must be consumed in plenty. 70 grams per day is required as compared to 45 gms., before you got pregnant. Calcium requirement remains the same, it is really important than ever that you meet it, which is definitely, a challenge for many women.
You’ll want to steer clear of under cooked eggs and meat, unpasteurized dairy products + juices, raw seafood to avoid ingesting bacteria that could definitely harm your baby.
Prenatal vitamins is must
Generally, prenatal supplements contain more iron and folic acid than you’ll find in a standard multivitamin. It’s really important to get enough folic acid before conception and also during early pregnancy. Folic acid reduces baby’s risk of developing neural tube birth defects such as spina bifida to a great extent.
Ideally, one should start taking 400 micrograms of folic acid at least one month before becoming pregnant. Once pregnancy is confirmed, one should up your daily dose to 600 mcg. Pregnant lady need to make sure she is getting enough iron. Your iron requirement is increased significantly during pregnancy, exclusively during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters.
An exercise program can give you the strength and less frustration that you’ll need to carry the weight you gain during pregnancy, it helps prevent or ease aches, improve the sluggish circulation in your legs, and support you handle the physical stress of labor. It will gradually also make getting back into shape after baby is born much easier.
Exercise is a great way to reduce stress and some research suggests that staying active will boost your level of serotonin, i.e. a brain chemical linked to mood. Point to be noted, not to push too hard or let get overheated or dehydrated. [Therefore, for this you’ll also need to avoid hot tubs and saunas while you''re pregnant.]
Get some rest
The fatigue i.e. felt in the first and third trimesters is body’s way of telling, to slow down a little. So listen to your heart and take it easy as much as you can. If you don’t want a nap in the middle of the day, then just give yourself a break and let your other responsibilities in side. If you can’t sleep, at least put your feet up and read a book or a magazine. Relaxation techniques such as yoga, meditation, stretching, deep breathing, and massage are all great ways to overcome stress and get a better night’s sleep.
Just say no to the damn alcohol
Do not drink while you’re pregnant. Any alcohol that you will drink, reaches your baby rapidly through bloodstream and baby can end up with higher levels of blood alcohol than you had. As little as one drink in a day, it can increase your odds of having a low-birth weight baby and increase your child’s risk for problems with learning, speech, hyperactivity and language. Also research has shown that expectant mothers who have as little as one drink a week are more likely than nondrinkers to have children who later exhibit aggressive behavior.
Smoking heavily increases the risk of miscarriage, problems in growth, placental abruption, and premature delivery. Researchers have even linked smoking to an increased risk of having a baby with a palate.
Strictly, cut back on caffeine
It is advised to women to limit the consumption of caffeine to less than 200 mg per day, i.e. an amount you would get from one 8-ounce cup of strong coffee. This is a recommendation that came from a 2008 study showing that women who consumed that much doubled their risk of miscarriage compared to those who had no caffeine.
Take care of emotional health
Many women feel like they’re on an emotional roller coaster at one time or another during pregnancy. If at all your mood swings are extreme or interfering in your daily life, for which you may be suffering from depression, which is really common.
If mother has been feeling low for more than 2 weeks and nothing seems to lift mother spirits (or) if you’re feeling particularly anxious (or) share your feelings with your consultant so you can get a referral for professional help.
Also let your doctor know if you’re in an abusive relationship. Pregnancy duration can cause stress in any relationship, and it’s the most common reason for domestic violence, which puts mother’s health and her baby at risk.
How much weight should be gained at the time of pregnancy?
It totally depends on how much one weighs before getting pregnant. Therefore, following recommendations are based on Body Mass Index (BMI) before one became pregnant. BMI is defined as a number based on a comparison of weight to
height (BMI = weight (kg)/height (m)2).Point to be noted: if one is pregnant with multiple babies (twins, triplets) you will need to gain more weight. Your doctor will be able to advise you.
So, follow these simple steps and all the best for healthy pregnancy + healthy and happy life.